PTS Meaning: What is PTS?
P.T.S. Meaning: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic stress (PTS) are frequently confused. The two illnesses’ symptoms overlap quite a bit in addition to having similar names. Fear and/or anxiety, aversion to the place or activity connected to the traumatic experience, and nightmares are all symptoms of PTS and PTSD. However, there are notable variations in symptom severity, persistence, and management.
PTS is a typical, normal, and frequently helpful reaction to going through a traumatic or stressful experience. PTS can be triggered by both typical situations like vehicle accidents and more unexpected ones like military warfare or captivity. Almost everyone who encounters a frightening scenario will display some post-traumatic stress symptoms. That’s because when we’re under a lot of stress, our brains are hard-wired to instruct our bodies to contract their muscles, breathe more quickly, and pump more blood.
This is the “fight-or-flight” reaction, which primes your body to handle an environmental threat or challenge by pumping extra blood and oxygen to your muscles and shutting down non-essential functions like digestion. PTS is seen as a natural reaction and not a mental disease because this fight-or-flight reflex is a common response during and even after a distressing incident.
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PTS Symptoms and Behaviors – PTS Meaning
Your hands might shake, your heart might race, you might start to perspire, and you might feel anxious and terrified if you’re suffering from post-traumatic stress. After the upsetting event, you might avoid or be wary of doing that activity again, you might have a nightmare about what happened, or you might feel anxious in an environment that makes you think of the stressful event.
Even while PTS symptoms can be fleetingly severe, they often go away a few days after the incident and won’t have a lasting, significant impact on your life. One benefit of having PTS can be that you act more cautiously in future potentially hazardous situations.
PTS Meaning: The condition known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), also referred to as shell shock or combat stress, develops after a serious traumatic event or a life-threatening situation. After such an occurrence, it’s normal for your mind and body to be in shock, but when your nervous system gets “stuck,” this normal response turns into PTSD.
Your nervous system might react to stressful situations in two instinctive or reflexive ways:
- When you have to defend oneself or survive the threat of a conflict situation, you mobilize, often known as “fight or flight.” Your strength and response time increase as a result of your heart beating more quickly, your blood pressure rising, and your muscles becoming tighter. When a threat is no longer present, your nervous system relaxes you, bringing your heart rate and blood pressure back to normal levels.
- When you’re under too much stress in a circumstance, you can become immobile and remain “stuck” even if the threat has passed. You are unable to let go of the incident, and your nervous system is unable to return to its balanced state.
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PTS vs PTSD (PTSS vs PTSD)
PTS and PTSD (PTSD vs PTSS) have many of the same symptoms. They can make you feel frightened and uneasy, give you nightmares, and make you avoid things, people, and circumstances that remind you of a traumatic event you have previously gone through. The severity and length of the symptoms, as well as the type of treatment that is required and/or successful, differ between the two illnesses.
Despite many similarities, PTS and PTSD differ primarily in a few key ways. First off, PTSD symptoms will last longer and be more severe. Let’s define PTS: PTS symptoms typically go away on their own in a matter of days or weeks. PTS is not a diagnosable mental health problem because it lacks persistent symptoms. In contrast, PTSD symptoms might last more than a month.
Since PTSD is a recognized mental illness, the majority of sufferers will have more severe and long-lasting symptoms. Don’t be alarmed if you occasionally hear PTS referred to as PTSS (post-traumatic stress syndrome); the two terms can be used interchangeably.
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PTSD vs PTSS (Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome) PTS Meaning
What is PTS mean? Stress is normal and healthy, and stress reactions are mechanisms by which our systems defend us from potential trauma. After a military deployment or exposure to another extremely stressful event, PTS or PTSS (post-traumatic stress syndrome) is frequently observed. Because the symptoms aren’t as severe, PTS frequently goes away on its own without the need for treatment or prescription medicine.
The symptoms of PTSD are more severe, recurrent, and frequently interfere with daily functioning. Without appropriate treatment, PTSD symptoms can last for months, years, or even a lifetime. They often do not go away on their own.
Another significant distinction between PTS and PTSD is that the former rarely involves some of the more severe signs and symptoms of the latter, such as intense flashbacks, diminished self-confidence, or suicidal thoughts.
Last but not least, the majority of persons with PTS do not go on to develop PTSD (although it does raise their risks), and PTS is not a prerequisite for PTSD development.
What is the Difference Between PTSD and Trauma?
Trauma and PTSD are distinct even though they frequently appear to be the same thing and share some symptoms. The American Psychological Association states that trauma is a psychological reaction to a horrific incident. An individual may suffer more than one sort of trauma, which might happen once or again.
The mental health condition known as PTSD is often present when someone suffers or observes a traumatic event. People frequently experience flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive thoughts that cause them to repeatedly replay the event in their minds. They may intentionally avoid locations that can trigger memories of the incident, and they may be easily frightened, have difficulties falling asleep, and have sudden fits of rage.
PTSD frequently follows a traumatic incident, albeit not all traumatic occurrences will do so. After the event, some people will experience symptoms that are severe enough to be diagnosed as PTSD, while others will just experience a few symptoms or none at all. Know that it is possible for you or a loved one to recover from these symptoms and/or a PTSD diagnosis and lead a fulfilling life, even though traumatic events can result in debilitating symptoms or a diagnosis.
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Difference Between PTS and PTSD – PTS Meaning
Experts are aware that PTS develops 30 days after experiencing or witnessing a repeated trauma. PTS is acknowledged by many who experience it as a serious health problem even if it is not a recognized medical illness. PTS symptoms might start as a result of frequent stressful events such car accidents or a spouse’s death. Rare occurrences like being kidnapped or participating in violent battle can potentially be the reason. Almost everybody who encounters a terrifying or stressful scenario may as a result display one or more PTS symptoms.
It’s crucial to remember that having physical and emotional reactions to trauma is natural (and sometimes even healthy). You could stay away from items that make you anxious or bring up unpleasant memories. When you come across something that brings your thoughts back, you could have a feeling of fear.
The natural reaction we have to stressful situations might teach us to be more cognizant of our surroundings or of the situations we’re entering. It is meant to aid us in avoiding threats in the future. Healthy fight-or-flight reactions shield us by tightening our muscles, sharpening our focus, quickening our breathing, halting digestion, and boosting blood flow throughout our bodies. Although PTS symptoms can be extremely severe, they are normally brief and have little to no long-term impact on one’s quality of life.
Is PTSD Now Called PTSS
There is no new name for PTSD or such a thing as a PTSD new name. Given that PTSD is a recognized mental condition, most patients will experience more severe and persistent symptoms. The words PTS and PTSS (post-traumatic stress syndrome) can be used interchangeably, so don’t be surprised if you hear them occasionally. But note that PTSD and PTSS are different terms. So if you hear something like “PTSS or PTSD”, you know that that’s wrong.
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PTSD Symptoms and Behaviors
While the majority of traumatized individuals, though not all, have transient symptoms, the majority do not endure persistent (chronic) PTSD. Not every person with PTSD has experienced a life-threatening situation. Some events, such as the unexpected and untimely death of a loved one, may also be PTSD causes. The majority of the time, symptoms appear within 3 months of the traumatic event, although they might also appear years afterwards.
To be deemed as PTSD, symptoms must last for more than a month and be severe enough to interfere with relationships or job. As PTSD causes vary, so does the illness’s course. While some people’s symptoms subside within six months, others continue to have them. The problem can become chronic in certain persons.
PTSD can be identified by a medical professional with experience treating patients with mental diseases, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist. Adults must exhibit all of the following PTSD causes for at least one month in order to receive a diagnosis of PTSD:
- Flashbacks—reliving the trauma over and over, including physical symptoms like a racing heart or sweating
- Bad dreams
- Frightening thoughts
Re-experiencing symptoms may cause problems in a person’s everyday routine. The symptoms can start from the person’s own thoughts and feelings. Words, objects, or situations that are reminders of the event can also trigger re-experiencing symptoms.
- Staying away from places, events, or objects that are reminders of the traumatic experience
- Avoiding thoughts or feelings related to the traumatic event
Things that remind a person of the traumatic event can trigger avoidance symptoms. These symptoms may cause a person to change his or her personal routine. For example, after a bad car accident, a person who usually drives may avoid driving or riding in a car.
Arousal and reactivity symptoms
- Being easily startled
- Feeling tense or “on edge”
- Having difficulty sleeping
- Having angry outbursts
Arousal symptoms are usually constant, instead of being triggered by things that remind one of the traumatic events. These symptoms can make the person feel stressed and angry. They may make it hard to do daily tasks, such as sleeping, eating, or concentrating.
Cognition and mood symptoms
- Trouble remembering key features of the traumatic event
- Negative thoughts about oneself or the world
- Distorted feelings like guilt or blame
- Loss of interest in enjoyable activities
Although they can start or get worse after a traumatic incident, cognitive and mood problems are not caused by harm or drug use. These signs may cause the person to feel distant or alienated from friends and family.
After a frightening occurrence, it’s normal to have some of these symptoms for a few weeks. It may be PTSD when the symptoms persist for more than a month, significantly impair functioning, and are not brought on by drug use, a physical condition, or anything else than the original event. Some PTSD sufferers go weeks or months without exhibiting any symptoms. Depression, substance abuse, or one or more of the other anxiety disorders are frequently present in people with PTSD.
As we all know, PTSD can have a variety of reasons. However, according to the National Institute of Mental Health, drugs, psychotherapy (often known as “talk” therapy), or a combination of the two is the primary therapies for those with PTSD. A treatment that is effective for one person might not be effective for another because everyone is unique and PTSD affects people in different ways. Anyone with PTSD should receive treatment from a mental health professional who has experience with the condition. Some PTSD sufferers might have to attempt various therapies before settling on one that effectively manages their symptoms.
Both issues must be addressed if a person with PTSD is dealing with an ongoing trauma, such as being in an abusive relationship. Panic disorder, despair, substance misuse, and suicidal thoughts can all be persistent issues.
Independent of the PTDS etiology, antidepressants are the best-researched class of drugs for treating PTSD and may help manage symptoms like melancholy, concern, anger, and a numbing sensation within. Specific PTSD symptoms like nightmares and sleep issues may be helped by other drugs. To determine the optimum medicine or pharmaceutical combination, as well as the appropriate dose, doctors and patients can collaborate.
Talking with a mental health expert is called psychotherapy, which is occasionally used to treat mental illnesses. Psychotherapy can take place in a group setting or one-on-one. PTSD talk therapy sessions can run longer than the typical 6 to 12 weeks. According to research, getting support from friends and family might be crucial for healing.
People with PTSD can benefit from a variety of psychotherapies. Some specifically target PTSD symptoms. Other treatments concentrate on issues with the family, the workplace, or society. Depending on the needs of each patient, the doctor or therapist may mix various therapy.
Effective psychotherapies tend to emphasize a few key components, including education about symptoms, teaching skills to help identify the triggers of symptoms, and skills to manage the symptoms. One helpful form of therapy is called cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT. CBT can include:
- Exposure therapy: This helps people face and control their fear. It gradually exposes them to the trauma they experienced in a safe way. It uses imagining, writing, or visiting the place where the event happened. The therapist uses these tools to help people with PTSD cope with their feelings.
- Cognitive restructuring: This helps people make sense of the bad memories. Sometimes people remember the event differently than how it happened. They may feel guilt or shame about something that is not their fault. The therapist helps people with PTSD look at what happened in a realistic way.
There are other types of treatment that can help as well. People with PTSD should talk about all treatment options with a therapist. Treatment should equip individuals with the skills to manage their symptoms and help them participate in activities that they enjoyed before developing PTSD.
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 Understanding PTSD Treatment. National Center for PTSD. (n.d.). https://www.ptsd.va.gov/PTSD/understand_tx/index.asp