Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a chronic disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and/or behaviors (compulsions). These obsessions and compulsions interfere with daily activities and cause significant distress that requires OCD treatment.
4 Types of OCD
There are several categories of OCD, but these 4 types of OCD are the more commonly seen:
Not all forms of OCD involve obsessive actions. In some cases, OCD primarily consists of intrusive thoughts that interfere with daily life. In this case, these thoughts tend to be more forbidden, about disturbing or uncomfortable topics that cause distress. This form of OCD manifests as:
- Intrusive thoughts that are damaging or upsetting.
- The shame surrounding troubling thoughts.
- Fear of acting on inappropriate thoughts.
- Feelings of responsibility for harmful actions.
- Fear of harming others, either intentionally or unintentionally.
- An ongoing need for reassurance of being a good or worthy person.
- Rituals designed to expel or avoid negative thoughts.
Contamination and Cleaning
A fear of things that might be dirty or a compulsion to clean involves feelings of discomfort associated with contamination.
- An obsession with cleanliness, both physical and mental
- Fear of disease and biological materials
- Avoidance of germ-ridden areas, like bathrooms and medical facilities
- Ongoing cleaning of the body, clothing, and physical areas
- Washing or cleaning rituals, often related to showering or hand washing
Ordering and Symmetry
The need to have things lined up, organized, or symmetric in a certain way. Can also involve thinking or saying sentences or words over and over again until the task is completed perfectly.
- A compulsive need to organize things in a particular way
- An obsession with symmetry using criteria like size or color
- Counting of objects, sometimes repetitively
- Rituals surrounding organizing objects
- Panic or anxiety when things aren’t correctly organized
Persistent, repeated unwanted thoughts
Involves extreme feelings or worry that you’ll harm yourself or others. In order to relieve the distress you feel, you might use what’s known as checking rituals.
- A compulsive need to check alarm systems, locks, ovens, or light switches
- Thinking you have a medical condition like pregnancy or schizophrenia
- Persistent fear of harm others or yourself
OCD Treatments & Therapies
Effective OCD treatments include:
- Medication is one of the treatments and it used the Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) used to help reduce OCD symptoms. This medication requires a higher daily dose in the treatment of OCD. It may take 8 to 12 weeks to start working. For faster recovery, talk to your doctor to make sure you understand the risks and benefits of the medications. Do not stop taking medication without talking to your doctor first. Report any concerns about side effects to your doctor right away. Report serious side effects to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online or by phone at 1-800-332-1088. You or your doctor may send a report.
- Psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for adults and children with OCD. types of psychotherapy may include:
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is also known as Exposure and Response Prevention (EX/RP).
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a supplement in the treatment of OCD in adults and it was approved by FDA last 2018.
How to get help?
We Level Up Treatment Center provides world-class care with round-the-clock medical professionals available to help you cope. In addition, we work as an integrated team providing information about signs and symptoms of OCD and other aspects of treatment. Make this your opportunity to reclaim your life. Call today to speak with one of our treatment specialists. Our specialists know what you are going through and answer any of your questions.
Your call is private and confidential, and there is never any obligation.