Difference Between Anxiety and Depression – Dual Diagnosis Treatment
Anxiety and depression difference: The fact that one term denotes a single sickness while the other denotes a collection of ailments is a significant distinction between anxiety and depression.
In reality, depression is one illness. There are numerous distinct symptoms (see below). And different people may experience it very differently. However, the term “depression” only refers to one illness.
The word “anxiety” can indicate a number of different things. We all experience anxiety occasionally, and the word “anxiety” can be used to describe that feeling simply. However, when we use the word anxiety in a medical context, it actually refers to anxiety disorder.
Some less frequent conditions are included under anxiety. These include panic disorders and phobias. However, generalized anxiety disorder is the most prevalent (GAD). In the US, a generalized anxiety disorder may affect four to five out of every 100 persons. In this post, we’ll concentrate on generalized anxiety.
What is Anxiety Disorder? Holistic Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers
According to The National Institute on Mental Health, periodic anxiety is a standard component of life. When faced with a challenge at work, before a test, or before making a crucial decision, you could experience anxiety. However, anxiety disorders involve more than just passing apprehension or terror.
Anxiety and depression difference: It’s critical to get anxiety treatment as soon as possible since, for someone with an anxiety condition, the anxiety does not go away and can worsen over time. The symptoms might affect daily tasks like work performance, academic progress, and interpersonal connections. Generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and various phobia-related disorders are only a few of the several types of anxiety disorders.
Anxiety and depression difference: People with a generalized Anxiety disorder (GAD) display excessive Anxiety or worry, most days for at least 6 months, about many things such as personal health, work, social interactions, and everyday routine life circumstances. Fear and Anxiety can cause significant problems in areas of their life, such as social interactions, school, and work.
What is Depression? Residential Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers
Depression (also known as Major Depressive Illness or Clinical Depression) is a common but significant mood disorder, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. It produces severe symptoms that interfere with your ability to function on a daily basis, including sleeping, eating, and working. The signs of depression must last for at least two weeks before a diagnosis may be made.
Depression treatment is required when depressive symptoms are chronic and do not go away since some types of depression are slightly different or may arise in unusual situations.
Types of Depression (Long Term Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers)
- Persistent depressive disorder (also called dysthymia): is a depressed mood that lasts for at least two years. A person diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder may have episodes of major Depression along with periods of less severe symptoms, but symptoms must last for two years to be considered a persistent depressive disorder.
- Psychotic Depression: occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations). The psychotic symptoms typically have a depressive “theme,” such as delusions of guilt, poverty, or illness.
- Do Crystals For Depression Work?
- Depression and ADHD: What’s the Link?
- Autism and Depression Connection, Diagnosis & Treatment
- Signs of Depression in Men, Causes, & What to Know
- Rehab for Depression & Anxiety Treatment
- What is the Best SSRI for Anxiety?
- Social Anxiety Disorder
- Grounding Techniques for Anxiety Attacks
- Mental Health Poems that are Powerful and Healing
- Short-Term Disability Mental Health
- Bipolar disorder: is different from Depression, but it is included in this list because someone with bipolar disorder experiences episodes of extremely low moods that meet the criteria for major Depression (called “Bipolar Depression”). But a person with bipolar disorder also experiences extreme high – euphoric or irritable – moods called “mania” or a less severe form called “hypomania.”
- Postpartum Depression: is much more serious than the “baby blues” (relatively mild depressive and anxiety symptoms that typically clear within two weeks after delivery) that many women experience after giving birth. Women with postpartum Depression experience full-blown major Depression during pregnancy or after delivery (postpartum depression). The feelings of extreme sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion that accompany postpartum depression may make it difficult for these new mothers to complete daily care activities for themselves and/or their babies.
- Seasonal affective disorder: is characterized by the onset of Depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. This Depression generally lifts during spring and summer. Winter Depression, typically accompanied by social withdrawal, increased sleep, and weight gain, predictably returns every year in seasonal affective disorder.
- SAD Seasonal Depression (Depressed SAD): A form of depression known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is triggered by the changing of the seasons; it starts and ends about at the same periods each year. If you have SAD like the majority of people do, your symptoms begin in the fall and last through the winter, draining your energy and making you cranky. Typically, these symptoms go away in the spring and summer. SAD less frequently results in depression in the spring or early summer and clears up in the fall or winter. SAD treatment options include medications, psychotherapy, and light therapy (phototherapy).
Get Help. Get Better. Get Your Life Back.
Searching for Accredited Dual Diagnosis Mental Health Centers Near You?
Even if therapy failed previously, or are in the middle of a difficult crisis, we stand ready to support you. Our trusted behavioral health specialists will not give up on you. When you feel ready or just want someone to speak to about counseling alternatives to change your life call us. Even if we cannot assist you, we will lead you to wherever you can get support. There is no obligation. Call our hotline today.FREE 24/7 Dual Diagnosis Mental Health Services Hotline
Anxiety Fact Sheet
A mental health condition marked by intense feelings of worry, anxiety, or fear that interferes with daily activities. Panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder are a few examples of anxiety disorders.
The inability to put aside worry, restlessness and stress that is out of proportion to the severity of the incident are among the symptoms.
Counseling or medicine, including antidepressants, are used as forms of treatment.
Behavioral: hypervigilance, irritability, or restlessness.
Cognitive: lack of concentration, racing thoughts, or unwanted thoughts.
Whole body: fatigue or sweating
Also common: anxiety, excessive worry, angor animi, fear, insomnia, nausea, palpitations, or trembling
- Support group: A place where those pursuing the same disease or objective, such as weight loss or depression, can receive counseling and exchange experiences.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy: A conversation treatment that aimed to change the negative attitudes, actions, and feelings connected to psychiatric discomfort.
- Counseling psychology: A subfield of psychology that handles issues with the self that are connected to work, school, family, and social life.
- Anger management: To reduce destructive emotional outbursts, practice mindfulness, coping skills, and trigger avoidance.
- Psychoeducation: Mental health education that also helps individuals feel supported, validated, and empowered
- Family therapy: psychological counseling that improves family communication and conflict resolution.
It’s critical to understand the distinction between anxiety and depression. Anxiety, in its most basic form, is an excessive feeling of worry, whereas depression, in its most basic form, is an excessive feeling of worthlessness and hopelessness. It is conceivable for someone to experience depression and anxiety simultaneously.
GAD affects 6.8 million adults or 3.1% of the U.S. population, yet only 43.2% are receiving treatment.
Source: National Institute on Mental Health
19 million adults experience specific phobias, making it the most common anxiety disorder in America.
Source: ADAA, 2020
Major depressive disorder affects approximately 17.3 million American adults or about 7.1% of the U.S. population aged 18 and older.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health
End the Emotional Pain. Get Your Life Back.
Feeling Depressed, Anxious or Struggling with Mental Health Illness? Get Safe Comfortable Mental Health Dual Diagnosis High-Quality Therapy From Counselors That Care. Begin Your Recovery Now.Hotline (855) 940-6125
What Is Dual Diagnosis? Dual Diagnosis Definition
The dual diagnosis meaning describes a health condition where those suffering from one illness have additional generally intermingled conditions. People with dual diagnosis have two conditions occurring at the same time.
The most common mental disorders that co-occur with secondary addiction disorders are depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder. For example, if a person has a major depressive disorder (also called clinical depression), they are more likely to develop an addiction to drugs or alcohol. They may use drugs or alcohol as a way of coping with their depression. Depression can also make addiction more difficult to treat. If you are diagnosed with both conditions, it is important to get treatment for each of them. This article will explain how mental illness and drug abuse relate to one another, what factors put people at risk of developing these comorbid disorders, and how doctors diagnose them together.
What Is A Dual Diagnosis Treatment Center?
We Level Up FL can help with inpatient primary dual diagnosis programs. Depending on the extent of secondary disorders, we can first help assess your condition and thereafter guide you to suitable treatment options at our dual diagnosis treatment centers in Florida. We do not offer PHP, IOP, or outpatient level of care at this time. Programs, services, and treatments vary. Get a free assessment and find out what dual diagnosis treatment center options may be most suitable for you. Call to learn more.
Co-occurring Behavioral Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers Definition – Treatment Of Dual Diagnosis
Generally, people who struggle with primary mental health conditions and co-occurring secondary drug or alcohol addiction, including but not limited to depression, anxiety, bipolar, PTSD or trauma, fear, anger, borderline personality, are said to have a co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment track. Co-occurring dual diagnosis recovery can be achieved through integrated and comprehensive care that treats both the primary mental health disorder and the underlying secondary addiction illness.
For severe mental health disorders, emotional pain & suffering can oftentimes lead to and further trigger one’s addiction. Co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment centers are best able to provide a fully comprehensive team of treatment specialists for both primary behavioral mental health and secondary substance abuse care. Studies have shown that treating only one disorder while ignoring the co-occurring other secondary disorders, places clients at a substantive increased risk of decline.
First-class Facilities & Amenities
World-class High-Quality Mental Health Services & Behaviroal Health Substance Abuse TreatmentRehab Centers Tour
Renowned Mental Health Centers. Serene Private Facilities. Inpatient Rehab Programs Vary.Mental Health Helpline (855) 940-6125
Proven recovery success experience, backed by a Team w/ History of:
- 15+ Years Experience
- 100s of 5-Star Reviews
- 10K+ Recovery Successes
- Low Patient to Therapist Ratio
- Comprehensive Dual-Diagnosis Treatment
- Complimentary Family & Alumni Programs
- Coaching, Recovery & Development Events
- Comfortable Onsite Medical Detox Center
Co-Occurring Behavioral Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers Assessment
We Level Up offers free mental health co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment assessment, without any obligation. A co-occurring diagnosis assessment is a critical part of determining the best treatment options for your personal circumstances. It takes into account not only a clinical assessment for co-occurring dual diagnosis but also a comprehensive team of health professionals from multiple specialties that can consider multiple factors including but not limited to:
- Does the client meet the criteria for a primary psychiatric illness?
- Does the client have a support system and resources available to cope with their conditions?
- Is the client a danger to themselves or others? Or has a history of violence, or has experienced suicidal thoughts?
- Does the client have a history of secondary co-occurring substance use as a result of their primary negative psychiatric disorders?
- What are the client’s mental health negative behaviors like? Are they impacting daily living, relationships, work, and leisure activities?
- Is the client motivated to get treated and go to inpatient treatment? Does the client have family or other support required for treatment to succeed?
Why is Co-occurring Behavioral Dual Diagnosis Treatment Center Vital for Recovery? Dual Diagnosis Residential Treatment Centers
Co-occurring dual diagnosis, also known as multi-diagnosis or co-morbid disorders, is a clinical definition that describes an affliction of both a primary mental health disorder coupled with a substance abuse case. Often one condition contributes to and even worsens the other.
It is not uncommon that a person with mental health illness will use drugs or alcohol to self-medicate and attempt to cope with their psychological ailments, dual diagnosis rehab helps and contribute to long-term recovery. In some cases, an underlying addiction may uncover or exacerbate the primary mental health-related illness.
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), about 8 million adults struggle with a dual diagnosis disorder with both mental health illness along with addiction illness (as of 2014). Unfortunately, only a small fraction of those in need, suffering from primary mental health and secondary addictions disorders actually seek and obtain professional treatment to recover. Those who suffer from both a primary mental health illness coupled with addiction often exhibit more severe symptoms that are more persistent, and resistant to treatment as compared to others who suffer from one disorder, mental health versus addiction exclusively.
While there is no specific known explanation for why primary psychiatric illness and secondary drug and alcohol addiction co-occur so frequently, there are now science-based treatment recovery options that can work to achieve a more fulfilling life. If you or a loved one needs help, call to learn more about dual diagnosis treatment centers in Florida programs.
World-class, Accredited, 5-Star Reviewed, Effective Mental Health Dual Diagnosis Programs. Complete Integrated Inpatient Rehab with Free Post Discharge Therapy Planning.CALL (855) 940-6125
End the Emotional Pain Rollercoaster. Gain Stability & Happiness Through Recovery Treatment. Start Mental Health Counseling Today. Get Free No-obligation Guidance by Behaviroal Health Specialists Who Understand Mental Health Recovery.
Signs of Mental Health Illness – Inpatient Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers (Dual Diagnosis Treatment Program)
Primary mental health conditions and secondary addiction disorders often occur together. However, many of the symptoms for each condition can be quite distinct. While symptoms naturally differ for each specific mental health illness, there are common signs of an emotional disorder, such as:
- Risky behaviors
- Lack of energy
- The feeling of panic and fear
- Suicidal thinking
- Feelings of guilt
- Increased irritability
- Change in appetite and weight
- Lack of interest in daily endeavors.
- Lack of sleep and change in sleep patterns
- Racing thoughts and trouble concentrating
- Change in appetite, weight, or sleep patterns
- Feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness
Only specialized dual diagnosis treatment centers have trained staff that understands the link between mental health and secondary addiction disorders. They are well trained in more complex dual diagnosis treatment therapy required for improved positive recovery outcomes.
Bipolar And Borderline Personality Disorder Dual Diagnosis – Dual Diagnosis Residential Treatment
Bipolar disorder and BPD dual diagnosis can occasionally result in severe symptoms. The patient might require intensive hospital inpatient treatment. Other times, individuals with both diseases may only require outpatient treatment rather than hospitalization. Everything depends on how severe and intense each disorder is. The symptoms of one of the illnesses may be more severe than those of the other.
BPD and bipolar disorder are chronic disorders. Working with your doctor to create a treatment plan that is effective for you is crucial for either of these conditions. This will guarantee that instead of getting worse, your symptoms get better. Speak with your doctor immediately away if you believe your treatment isn’t working as effectively as it should.
Signs of secondary Behavioral Addiction Illness
- Unable to stop using an addictive substance
- Tendency to use more of the addictive substance than planned or advised
- Cravings/withdrawal symptoms when stopping the use of the abused substance
- Spending substantive time seeking the addictive drug, using and recovering after its use.
- Abusing drugs at the cost of personal relationships, regular activities, and personal safety.
- Unable to meet career, school, and family obligations because of the use of an addictive drug.
- Building tolerance for an addictive substance and feeling like you need an increased dose to achieve the same high
Co-Occurring Behavioral Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers Programs – Dual Diagnosis Treatments
There is growing evidence that with professional treatment, clients with dual diagnoses, meaning both mental health and a secondary addiction illness can stabilize and recover. While a large part of treatment for co-occurring dual diagnosis involves behavioral interventions, the first step is to conduct an in-depth addiction and behavioral health assessment. Types of science-based behavioral therapies applied in dual diagnosis treatment include:
What Is The Best Treatment For Dual Diagnosis?
- Individual one-on-one psychotherapy, in this treatment modality, behaviors related to addiction or particular behavioral or mental health issues are analyzed and discussed culminating with an actionable treatment plan for recovery.
- Integrated group therapy, in this treatment modality, a peer support group together embarks on tackling and treating the symptoms of both the addiction and mental health cases at the same time for the entire group.
- Dialectic behavioral therapy or DBT is an evidence-based psychotherapy that can be helpful in treating suicidal thoughts, self-harm, mood disorders, and addiction
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy, in this treatment modality, a therapist works treats to minimize harmful beliefs and behaviors so as to develop healthier behavioral and thinking patterns to sustain sobriety.
While co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment therapy can incorporate therapies in combination with medication, any medication must be personalized to the clients and their exact diagnosis. More commonly prescribed medications for co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment may include lithium and anticonvulsants. These are often prescribed as mood stabilizers, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other antidepressants, and anti-anxiety drugs such as buspirone (BuSpar).
Treatment for co-occurring dual diagnosis will vary based on the client’s personal circumstances and situation along with their personal preferences. Co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment generally is more severe and difficult to treat. However, co-occurring treatment can take place both in inpatient or outpatient programs. Generally, inpatient treatment offers unique benefits with larger more integrated programs and more trained and specialized treatment staff that can make all the difference in achieving recovery.
Dual Diagnosis Anonymous (Dual Diagnosis AA)
A 12-step program variant called Dual Diagnosis Anonymous (DDA) employs the guiding principles of Alcoholics Anonymous to assist people who experience the negative impacts of dual diagnosis. In order to heal their dual diagnosis or learn to live with the unsolved difficulties, DDA is described as a “fellowship of folks who share their experiences, strengths, weaknesses, feelings, concerns, and hopes with one another.”
What are Inpatient Behavioral Co-occurring Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers? Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers Near Me
To begin with, co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment is clearly more intense and challenging to recover from. That’s why the higher the severity of the co-occurring addiction and mental illness, the greater the benefits from inpatient care. In inpatient treatment also called the “residential” level of care, clients live at the treatment center during recovery. And depending on the facility’s rules, residents are generally able to participate in less rigid treatment so as to regroup and rest up for more intense therapy.
As a result of the complex nature of co-occurring disorders, many people with dual diagnosis treatment need continued and incremental care, such as on-site multidisciplinary therapists with training and backgrounds that are usually found in inpatient treatment centers. Their therapy programs are managed by a team of integrated professionals that understand and know firsthand how to treat clients suffering from multiple problems, known as dual diagnosis rehab. Clients can then benefit from the intense therapy critical to getting better and building a path to sustainable recovery from multiple disorders.
What Happens During Inpatient Behavioral Co-occurring Dual Diagnosis Treatment? You receive:
- One-on-one and daily group peer therapy sessions.
- Ongoing education about mental health issues and addiction.
- Opportunity to attend and contribute to specialized support groups.
- Support from a community of clients who like you to lean on and learn more.
- Supervised medical care by trained professionals who will guide you each step of the way.
Outpatient Behavioral Co-occurring Dual Diagnosis Treatment
Outpatient treatment for dual diagnosis cases can be much more flexible than an inpatient treatment center program. Whereas outpatient programs vary in intensity and time commitment, inpatient programs tend to last about 4 weeks in a residential setting and are on-site, around the clock. For some clients, participating in intensive outpatient programs or IOP, where they spend as much as 30 hours weekly or more at a local clinic is their preferred initial treatment. With inpatient treatment reserved in case, their initial IOP fails to materialize into recovery.
Generally, inpatient dual diagnosis treatment is necessary at first. Clients thereafter move on to an intensive outpatient program to support their continued treatment. Outpatient programs can help clients transition to living in their community with more independence while they continue their recovery treatment. In outpatient treatment, clients can receive a variety of services and treatments:
- Personal and or family therapy.
- Participation in 12-step programs
- Participation in peer support groups.
- Treatment medication management.
- Support in sober living and or independent living communities.
- Participation in support groups such as alcoholics anonymous or narcotics anonymous.
We Level Up FL treatment center can help with inpatient therapy programs exclusively. Depending on the extent of secondary behavioral disorders such as addiction we can first help assess your condition and thereafter guide you to suitable treatment options. We do not provide outpatient and PHP services at this time. Call to learn more.
Behavioral Co-occurring Dual Diagnosis Treatment Location Options – Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers Florida
Your path to recovery should be personalized to your needs, circumstances, and situation. Your selected treatment center should integrate both primary mental health and secondary substance abuse illness treatment. And your treatment plan must be custom-tailored to fit your needs. SAMHSA, a government agency, supports an integrated and personalized treatment modality for behavioral co-occurring dual diagnosis illnesses.
Clearly, residential inpatient treatment centers can offer the best of all worlds when it comes to comprehensive therapy. These centers generally offer larger, more diverse, and multi-disciplinary trained specialists that are better capable to help more complex and intense co-occurring disorders. Depending on your specific situation and individualized circumstances, clients with dual diagnosis illness treatment can benefit from a variety of therapeutic interventions from various treatment options, including:
- Specialty comprehensive medically supervised detox programs
- Specialty community inpatient behavioral health centers.
- Addiction disorders inpatient rehab programs.
- Mutual support groups and peer-run organizations.
- Independent providers, such as therapists and counselors in private practice.
- Hospital-based treatment programs or access to hospital services.
- Community-based organizations, such as churches.
- Schools and education programs.
- Criminal justice programs, such as counseling services within a prison system.
- Primary care programs that offer behavioral health services.
How to Pay for Behavioral Co-occurring Dual Diagnosis Treatment – Treatment Centers For Dual Diagnosis
The costs of treatment will vary by center and program. Fees can also be influenced by differing levels of insurance coverage. If you have insurance, you may call the number on the back of your card to check with your carrier or reach out to We Level Up FL’s specialists to learn more about your coverage without any obligation. You can get information like:
- If your medical plan covers behavioral co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment?
- How much your carrier will pay and how much will be out of pocket, if any?
- Which behavioral programs fall under your coverage for your medical plan?
Some mental health centers will offer financial hardship financing options and payment plans if you don’t have sufficient insurance to cover your dual diagnosis treatment. In some instances, you may be eligible to obtain financing from the facility for co-occurring dual diagnosis treatment. Generally, this sort of financing is based on your financial needs. Depending on your circumstances you may receive a reduced rate or be given a monthly installment plan. When considering treatment programs, clients should take into account each center’s payment policies and of course, its treatment programs to get them to recovery success.
We Level Up Florida can help with inpatient primary behavioral programs found at dual diagnosis treatment centers. Depending on the extent of secondary disorders, we can first help assess your condition and thereafter guide you to suitable treatment options. We do not offer PHP, IOP, or outpatient level of care at this time. Programs, services, and treatments vary. Get a free assessment and find out what treatment options are most suitable for you. Call to learn more.
Inpatient medical detox and residential primary addiction treatment may be available at our affiliated facility at Level Up Addiction Center West Palm Beach. For some primary behavioral health treatment clients, medical detox and or addiction rehab may be required first. If you have a co-occurring severe substance abuse diagnosis, please contact us prior to beginning inpatient mental health therapy. Treatment services may vary. Please call us to learn which treatment options are most suited to your individual needs.
Experience Transformative Recovery at the We Level Up Treatment Center.
See our authentic success stories. Get inspired. Get the help you deserve.
Start a New Life
Begin with a free call to a behavioral health treatment advisor. Learn more about our dual-diagnosis programs. The We Level Up treatment center network delivers recovery programs that vary by each treatment facility. Call to learn more.
- Personalized Care
- Caring Accountable Staff
- World-class Amenities
- Licensed & Accredited
- Renowned w/ 5-Star Reviews
We’ll Call You
We Level Up Dual Diagnosis Treatment Near Me – Luxury Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers
Dual Diagnosis Treatment Centers In Florida: The definition of dual diagnosis (also referred to as co-occurring disorders) can differ between institutions. However, it is generally described as the specific treatment of someone who has been diagnosed with a substance use disorder and a mental health disorder at the same time. Treating dual diagnosis clients is a critical aspect of our inpatient treatment experience because co-occurring disorders are strongly correlated with instances of substance abuse.
Creating a treatment plan that addresses the physical aspects of withdrawal, the psychological connection with drug use, and managing underlying mental health disorders is part of setting clients up for success. A thorough mental health analysis identifies possibilities for treatment. Meeting with mental health counselors and medical care providers means access to behavioral therapy and medication treatment. At our dual diagnosis treatment center, We Level Up can implement the highest quality of care.
We recognize the fragile complexities of how mental and substance abuse disorders can influence others and sometimes result in a vicious cycle of addiction. That’s why we offer specialized treatment in dual diagnosis cases to provide the most excellent chance of true healing and long-lasting recovery.
It can be challenging to accept that you may be living with a mental illness, but once it is properly diagnosed and treated, treating the presenting case of substance abuse can be magnitudes easier. Only a properly trained medical professional can diagnose these underlying conditions. If you believe you are suffering from a disorder alongside addiction, we urge you to seek a qualified treatment center to begin your journey to recovery. Call We Level Up today.
Search We Level Up FL Dual Diagnosis Treatment Resources
 National Institute of Mental Health – ‘Depression’ (www.nimh.nih.gov)
 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (www.fda.gov/)
 NIMH – https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/social-anxiety-disorder-more-than-just-shyness
 ‘Anxiety Disorders’ – National Institute Of Mental Health (Nimh.nih.gov)