Depression Treatment

What is Depression Disorder? Or Major Depressive Disorder?

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think, and how you act.  It’s a serious mental health condition that requires understanding and medical care. Above all, if left untreated, depression can be devastating. Also, to be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.

The burden of depression and other mental health conditions is on the rise globally. Fortunately, early diagnosis and a depression treatment plan are effective to almost 80 percent of the population. At the same time, medication, psychotherapy, and a healthy lifestyle can get better.

Depression is different from mood swings and short-lived emotional responses. Especially when long-lasting and severe depression may become a serious health condition. Consequently, it can cause the person to suffer greatly and function poorly at work, at school, and in the family

Key Facts about Depression according to the [1] World Health Organization

  • Depression is a common mental disorder. In fact, more than 264 million people of all ages suffer from depression globally.
  • Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. For that reason, it is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease.
  • More women are affected by depression than men. Furthermore, one-third of women will experience a major depressive episode in their lifetime.
  • Depression can lead to suicide. Fortunately, it is also treatable
  • There are effective psychological and pharmacological treatments for moderate and severe depression. Moreover, without treatment, episodes may last a few months to several years.

Symptoms of Depression

Depression can have different symptoms, depending on the person. But for most people, depressive disorder changes how they function day-to-day, and typically for more than two weeks. Common symptoms include:

  • Changes in sleep
  • Changes in appetite
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
  • Loss of energy
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Lack of interest in activities
  • Hopelessness or guilty thoughts
  • Changes in movement (less activity or agitation)
  • Physical aches and pains
  • Thoughts of death  or suicide
Depression Treatment is possible
While depression can be devastating, professional depression treatment can help you overcome the effects of associated negative emotions.

Also, medical conditions such as thyroid problems, a brain tumor, or vitamin deficiency can copy symptoms of depression. Therefore, it is important to rule out general medical causes. Once these are ruled out, appropriate depression treatment can be advised.

Types of Depression

Recurrent depressive disorder:

This involves repeated depressive episodes. Also, during these times, the person experiences a depressed mood, loss of interest, and lack of interest in activities. For this reason, it diminishes the person’s activity for at least two weeks. Similarly, many people with depression suffer from anxiety symptoms. At times, even symptoms cannot be explained by a medical diagnosis. That does not mean you cannot receive depression treatment.

A depressive episode can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe. In fact, an individual with a mild depressive episode will have some difficulty in continuing with ordinary work and social activities but will probably not cease to function completely. During a severe depressive episode, it is unlikely that the sufferer will be able to continue with social, work, or domestic activities, except to a limited extent.

Bipolar affective disorder:

This type of depression consists of both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of baseline mood. Manic episodes involve irritable mood and over-activity. In addition, it involves pressured speech, inflated self-esteem, and a decreased need for sleep.

Causes of Depression

Depression can affect anyone, even a person who appears to live in relatively ideal circumstances. It does not have a single cause. Scientists believe several factors can contribute to depression:

  • Trauma. When people experience trauma at an early age, it can cause long-term changes in how their brains respond to fear and stress. Evidently, these changes may lead to depression.
  • Genetics. Mood disorders, such as depression, tend to run in families.
  • Life circumstances. Examples are, marital status, relationship changes, financial standing and where a person lives influence whether a person develops depression.
  • Brain changes. Studies have shown that the frontal lobe of the brain becomes less active when a person is depressed. Also, depression is associated with changes in how the pituitary gland and hypothalamus respond to hormone stimulation.
  • Other medical conditions. People who have a history of sleeping problem, medical illness, anxiety and ADHD are more likely to develop depression. Some medical syndromes (like hypothyroidism) can mimic depressive disorder. Some medications can also cause symptoms of depression.
  • Drug and alcohol misuse. Twenty one percent of adults with a substance use disorder also experienced a major depressive episode. As alcohol can worsen depressive symptoms, it requires professional treatment. Look for alcohol and depression treatment facilities, in particular, a dual diagnosis mental health treatment is needed for both condition.

What is Major Depressive Disorder?

Major depressive disorder is a serious medical condition that causes a persistent feeling of sadness or loss of interest and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. Some forms affect your ability to function in everyday life, such as at school, work, or in social relationships.

People with major depressive disorder have feelings of persistent sadness for two weeks or more and may also feel helpless, worthless, hopeless, anxious, irritable, or restless—or lose interest in activities they normally enjoy.

If you think you might be depressed but haven’t been diagnosed by a doctor or mental health professional then get help. We Level Up FL mental health center offers free behavioral assessments. That can help you see if you could benefit from further in-depth screening by a professional clinical health care provider.

What are Major Depressive Disorder Treatments?

The most common treatment for Major Depressive Disorder is medication, the main types being selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. Studies have shown that therapy may be an effective option too, particularly cognitive behavioral therapy. Usually, depression will improve within 1-3 months but sometimes it can take longer so it’s important to stay patient and stick with your treatment plan.

Major depressive disorder medications therapies can also include education and information on antidepressants as well as other strategies such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, electroconvulsive therapy, vagus nerve stimulation, and light therapy if you’re not responding to antidepressant medications.

What is Treatment-resistant depression (TRD)?

Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) typically refers to inadequate response to at least one antidepressant trial of adequate doses and duration. Where the prescribed antidepressant medication does not provide the depression relief sought. There are many reasons why this might happen, but it’s important to note that effective treatments do exist for most people who develop treatment-resistant depression

Treatment-resistant depression therapies

  1. Usually, the first plan of action is to try different treatments to find one that works.
  2. For many people, this might mean trying a few different medications before finding one that works well and has tolerable side effects.

People with severe depression may need other helpful treatments to manage their symptoms. People with mild depression can often get by on lifestyle measures alone. It should be noted that there is no formal definition for “treatment-resistant” or “treatment-refractory”. Treatment resistance is the failure of achieving sought-after depression relief response after at least six weeks of antidepressant administration. Up to 50% to 60% of the patients may not achieve an adequate response following antidepressant treatment. TRD is a common phenomenon, occurring in anywhere from 15–75% of people with major depressive disorder. People can be diagnosed as

Depression Treatment

There are effective depression treatments for moderate and severe depression. Health-care providers offer psychological treatments. Namely, behavioral activation, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). Your healthcare provider may prescribe medications. In particular, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). Accordingly, healthcare providers should keep in mind the adverse effects of antidepressant medication. Psychotherapy may involve only the individual, but it can include others. For example, family or couples therapy can help address issues within these close relationships.

Psychosocial treatments are also effective for mild depression. Antidepressants can be an effective form of treatment for moderate to severe depression. However, these are not the first line of depression treatment for cases of mild depression. They should not be used for treating depression in children. As always, antidepressants should be used with extra caution for any depression treatment.

Here are other tips that may help you or a loved one during treatment for depression:

  • Try to be active and exercise. For this reason, exercise helps the brain in releasing of dopamine and serotonin, which can improve mood.
  • Set realistic goals for yourself. Moreover, expect your mood to improve gradually, not immediately.
  • Try to spend time with other people and confide in a trusted friend or relative.
  • Try not to isolate yourself. Also, let others help you.
  • Above all, continue to educate yourself about depression.
Depression treatment should include spending time with other people and letting others support you.

Inpatient Depression Treatment

Depression symptoms may get in the way of your ability to function at work. Dealing with severe depression is never easy. And it is even more difficult when you’re also struggling with other co-occurring mental health problems.

To effectively recover, individuals may need to seek treatment for multiple depression-created disorders simultaneously. A treatment plan that focuses on all issues may allow the patient to recover from the entirety of related disorders effectively.

Mental health problem treatment may include:

  • Medication
  • individual or group therapy
  • self-help measures
  • lifestyle changes
  • family and peer support

If you or your loved one is suffering from severe depression, an inpatient depression treatment center can offer intense recovery treatment. To find out more about integrated mental health depression treatment therapy, contact us today at We Level Up FL Treatment Center. We’re committed to providing the utmost care with doctors and medical staff available 24/7 for life-changing and lasting recovery. We provide an enhanced opportunity to return to a fulfilling and productive life.

Sources

[1] World Health Organization – https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/depression