Biploar Disorder Types, Causes, Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment for Anhedomia
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar Disorder is a grave mental disorder identified by intense mood fluctuations. They can incorporate intense excitement episodes or extreme depressive feelings such as rage to drama, emotional outbursts to feelings of intense stimulation. Bipolar disorder is:
- Quite common (with over 3 million cases yearly just in USA)
- Treatable by a mental health specialists
- Can last several years or even become a lifelong illness
- More common for adults age 18 to 35
- Family history may increase disposition to this illness
- Is not laboratory tested or imaged
What are Bipolar Disorder Symptoms?
Bipolar Disorder symptoms may persist over several weeks, months, or even multiple years. The symptoms fluctuate during the manic and depressive phases. Patients can experience no symptoms during intervening occurrences of mania and depression.
Signs of Bipolar Disorder can vary from person to person. For example, while one individual may be overly talkative during a manic episode, another person may describe racing thoughts instead. Changes habits abruptly like losing interest in activities that you once enjoyed, having a significant change in appetite could be part of the depressive phase.
The depressive phase signs can include:
- Feeling sad and crying
- Emotions of being hopeless, worthless, and guilty
- Loss of energy
- Loss of interest and or pleasure in daily activities
- Difficulty focusing and making decisions
- Being irritable
- Feeling sleeply
- Change in appetite
- Weight loss or gain
- Suicidal thinking and even attempts at suicide
The manic phase is characterized by:
- Extreme happiness, hopefulness, and excitement
- Fits of anger, rage, and hostile behavior
- Feeling restless
- Feeling Agitated
- Experiencing rapid speech
- Lack of focus and good judgment
- Increased energy levels
- Reduced need for sleep
- Unusually high sex drive
- Setting unrealistic goals
- Feeling paranoid
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
The origins of bipolar disorder vary among people, and the precise mechanism is not clear.
However, research indicates that Bipolar Disorder can be traced to:
- Genetics- often seen in families of impacted patients
- Brain structure- abnormal brain structure and function
- Seasonal depression and certain other mental illness such as anxiety disorder
Bipolar disorder risk factors may include:
- Family history
- Drug or alcohol abuse
Bipolar Disorder Complications
Where suitable treatment is not given timely, bipolar disorder could lead to:
- Damaged and strained relationships, in and outside the home
- Poor performance at school or work
- Alcohol and drug abuse
- Financial difficulties
- Suicidal thoughts and attempts
What Are Bipolar Disorder Treatment Options?
Treatment may benefit numerous patients, including those with extremely harsh cases of bipolar disorder. An efficient treatment program customarily involves a combination of medicine and psychotherapy, also know as “talk therapy.”
Generally for most people bipolar disorder can be an enduring lifetime illness. Experiences of extreme mania and depression usually arrive in cycles over and over. In between episodes, countless people with bipolar disorder are independent of mood changes, but some may experience continued symptoms. Intensive long-term, inpatient therapy can help improve and offer techniques for patients to properly handle bipolar manifestations.
Bipolar Disorder Medications
Several medications can enhance improved control of bipolar disorder symptoms. Some clients may need to investigate different medicines to learn which one works best for them. While communicating with their health care provider to determine which medications are likely to work best for them.
Medications commonly employed to manage bipolar disorder incorporate mood stabilizers and second-generation (“atypical”) antipsychotics. Treatment programs may involve medications that focus on sleep and or anxiety. Health care providers frequently prescribe antidepressants to tackle depressive incidents in bipolar disorder, coupling the antidepressant with a mood stabilizer to avert triggering a manic episode.
People taking medication should:
- Talk with their health care provider to understand the risks and benefits of the medication.
- Tell their health care provider about any prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, or supplements they are already taking.
- Report any concerns about side effects to a health care provider right away. The health care provider may need to change the dose or try a different medication.
- Remember that medication for bipolar disorder must be taken consistently, as prescribed, even when one is feeling well.
Avoid pausing bipolar prescribed medication unless consulting with your mental health specialist first. Abruptly discontinuing bipolar disorder prescription may lead to a “rebound” or worsening of bipolar symptoms.
Psychotherapy, also called “talk therapy,” can be an effective part of the treatment plan for people with bipolar disorder. Psychotherapy is a term for a variety of treatment techniques that aim to help a person identify and change troubling emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. It can provide support, education, and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families. Treatment may include therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychoeducation, which are used to treat a variety of conditions.
Treatment may also include newer therapies designed specifically for the treatment of the bipolar disorder, including interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) and family-focused therapy. Determining whether intensive psychotherapeutic intervention at the earliest stages of bipolar disorder can prevent or limit its full-blown onset is an important area of ongoing research.
Other Bipolar Treatment Options
Some people may find other treatments helpful in managing their bipolar symptoms, including:
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): ECT is a brain stimulation method that can assist people to get relief from harsh signs of bipolar disorder. With advanced ECT, a patient normally goes through a sequence of therapy sittings over several weeks. ECT is performed under general anesthesia and is considered safe. It can be useful in treating intense depressive and manic episodes. These happen most frequently when medication and psychotherapy are not adequate or are not safe for a particular case. ECT can also be useful when a fast response is required, as in the case of suicide risk or catatonia (a state of unresponsiveness).
More research is needed to determine the effects of other treatments, including:
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS): TMS is a newer procedure to brain stimulation that uses magnetic waves. It is given to an alert subject most days for one month. Research reveals that TMS is effective for many people with different subtypes of depression, but its role in the treatment of bipolar disorder is still under study.
Supplements: While there are reports that some supplements and herbs may benefit bipolar sufferers, not enough research has been carried out to completely know how these supplements may influence patients with bipolar disorder.
It is essential for healthcare providers to understand all bipolar prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and supplements a patient is taking. Certain medications and supplements taken together may cause undesired or even dangerous effects.
Beyond Treatment: Things You Can Do
Regular Exercise: Consistent aerobic activity, such as jogging, quick walking, aquatics, or bicycling, may assist with depression and anxiety. And help support more regular sleep, and is healthful for one’s heart and brain. There is some data that anaerobic exercise such as weightlifting, yoga, and pilates can be effective too. Verify with your healthcare providers before beginning a new workout regimen.
Keeping a Life Chart: Even with customary treatment, mood changes may transpire. Treatment is more efficient when a sufferer and healthcare specialists work collectively and communicate sincerely on concerns and options. Having a life chart that registers everyday mood manifestations, medications, rest patterns, and life experiences can help clients and health care providers follow and manage bipolar disorder over time. Clients can readily distribute data gathered via smartphone apps – including self-reports, self-ratings, and activity data – with their therapist.
- A family health care provider or doctor is a good resource and can be the first stop in searching for help. For tips for talking with your health care provider, see NIMH’s Taking Control of Your Mental Health: Tips for Talking with Your Health Care Provider fact sheet.
- For general information on mental health and to find local treatment services, call the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Treatment Referral Helpline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357).
- The SAMHSA website has a Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator that can search for treatment information by address, city, or ZIP code.
- Visit NIMH’s Help for Mental Illnesses webpage for more information and resources.
Before individuals can be confident they are suffering from anhedonia, a doctor will have to make sure they aren’t suffering from other illnesses that might present the same way. There is no direct treatment for this condition itself. In part, it is recognizing that this condition is often connected to other mental health conditions and treating the primary issue,
Treatment depends on the condition or mental disorder it’s associated with. For example, for people with depression, antidepressants may be prescribed, while individuals with schizophrenia are often treated with antipsychotic medications. Treatment also often includes psychotherapy.
Since this condition may be associated with deficits in the brain’s reward system, a different approach may be necessary for its treatment. For example, one study found that positive affect treatment, a method that attempts to increase the way the brain perceives rewards, resulted in better outcomes than the treatments that focus solely on reducing negative feelings for individuals who experienced this condition.
Some medications may be able to help with this condition associated with physical ailments. For example, research has shown that people with Parkinson’s disease experienced a reduction in anhedonia after receiving treatment with dopamine agonist medications such as pramipexole.
If you or your loved one think that you may have anhedonia and no longer experience pleasure when participating in activities you usually enjoy, a mental health professional can help you determine what’s causing your symptoms. At the We Level Up FL mental health facility, we provide utmost care with doctors and medical staff available 24/7 for life-changing and lasting recovery. We can provide clients with the tools, education, and therapy to return to a fulfilling and productive life.