Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), ADHD Treatment, Causes, Symptoms, Effects & Medications
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- 1 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), ADHD Treatment, Causes, Symptoms, Effects & Medications
What is ADHD?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder that affects the brain. It makes it difficult for a person to pay attention and control their behavior. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, ADHD affects an estimated 15 million people in America. In addition, it is more common in males than females. The American Psychiatric Association (APA)  recognizes ADHD as a medically and legally treatable condition. Individuals with ADHD may have a hard time maintaining attention and finishing tasks. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can lead to unstable relationships, poor work performance, depression, and substance abuse. Proper ADHD Treatment is attainable, therefore, early detection is a must.
A person may not be diagnosed with ADHD until adulthood because teachers or family did not recognize the condition at a younger age.
Symptoms can become more severe when the demands of adulthood increase.
- Difficulty finishing tasks
- Problems listening to others
- Struggles with organizing projects or responsibilities
- Constant fidgeting
- Inability to control speech or actions
- Frequently losing or misplacing personal items
People with ADHD may also be clumsy, unable to sleep, have temper tantrums and mood swings. They may find it hard to socialize and make friends. The symptoms and development of ADHD vary from person to person.
Causes of ADHD
Genetic and environmental factors play a vital role in the development of ADHD. Several factors may contribute to ADHD such as:
- Biological: neurotransmitters are chemicals in the brain that help control behavior. Examples are dopamine and norepinephrine.
- Environment: Exposure to toxins (poisons) in the environment Cigarette smoking, alcohol use, or drug use during pregnancy.
Adult ADHD Treatment Medications
Stimulants: Many researchers think that stimulants are effective because they increase the brain chemical dopamine, which plays an essential role in thinking and attention. Stimulants that can be used to treat adult ADHD include Methylphenidate as well as Amphetamine Compounds.
Non-Stimulants: These medications take longer to start working than stimulants, but can also improve focus, attention, and impulsivity in a person with ADHD. Examples of non-stimulant medications are Atomoxetine, Guanfacine, and Clonidine.
Psychological counseling: Counseling for adult ADHD generally includes psychotherapy, education about the disorder, and coping skills to help you be successful. Psychotherapy may help you:
- Improve your time management and organizational skills
- Learn how to reduce impulsive behavior
- Develop better problem-solving skills
- Cope with past academic, work, or social failures
- Improve your self-esteem
- Learn ways to improve relationships with your family, co-workers, and friends
- Develop strategies for controlling your temper
Family and marital therapy can help family members and spouses find better ways to handle disruptive behaviors, encourage behavior changes, and improve interactions with the person with ADHD.
Effects of Alcohol in ADHD
There’s a strong link between ADHD and alcoholism. ADHD is five to ten times more common among adult alcoholics. Also, both ADHD and alcoholism tend to run in families. A child with ADHD who has a parent with alcoholism is more likely to also develop an alcohol abuse problem.
Many people use alcohol to relax because it’s a depressant. In the case of people with ADHD, many will use alcohol to calm down the hyperactivity. Alcohol, however, can have the opposite effect. When a person with ADHD consumes alcohol, it makes it even harder to pay attention, manage emotions and make decisions.
ADHD medications and alcohol are a dangerous combination. Stimulant medications speed up the central nervous system by increasing levels of dopamine and norepinephrine. On the other hand, alcohol is a depressant on the central nervous system, which slows the body down.
To find the best treatment possible, an individual must work with a professional and determine which disorder came first. It can be hard to distinguish the two, especially if the person has suffered from both for years, but with proper dual diagnostic treatment, the individual should be able to get down to the root of their problem.
Types of ADHD
ADHD is a mental disorder that affects many people, and there are different types of this disorder. Types of ADHD can be an inattentive type or hyperactive-impulsive type.
A person with this type often loses focus and thus gets off-topic, people must have at least six of these nine symptoms,
- Making careless mistakes
- Failing to pay attention and keep on task
- Not listening
- Being unable to follow or understand instructions
- Avoiding tasks that involve effort
- Being distracted
- Being forgetful
- Losing things that are needed to complete tasks
The hyperactive-impulsive type must have six or more of these symptoms:
- Getting up often when seated
- Running or climbing at inappropriate times
- Having trouble playing quietly
- Talking too much
- Talking out of turn or blurting out
The Combined Type means that the person has symptoms from both types, while the Predominantly Inattentive Type means that the person only has symptoms of the first type. People usually go through a series of stages before they receive an accurate diagnosis for either type (Types of ADHD). Someone who is diagnosed with primarily inattentive might be told they have ADD or some other disorder (Types of ADHD). Since there is still some debate among experts.
Types of ADHD vary in severity. Usually, with medication, most people can adjust to dealing with this disorder. Sometimes there is a possibility that if you don’t take your medication correctly it could cause an overdose with serious consequences. Types of ADHD are different for everyone who has them, but they are all manageable if taken seriously and properly dealt with.
Adult ADHD Treatment
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and secondary related disorders generally require treatment at the same time through a co-occurring diagnosis program. Each disorder requires its own treatment therapies. We know that for patients suffering from ADHD and addiction, when one illness is ignored, the other will likely get worse. When both illnesses are given proper treatment, the likelihood of lasting recovery is increased greatly.
If you or your loved one deal with severe ADHD disorder, professional ADHD treatment can be life-changing. To learn more, contact us today. At the We Level Up FL mental health facility, we provide utmost care with doctors and medical staff available 24/7 for life-changing and lasting recovery. We can provide clients with the tools, education, and therapy to return to a fulfilling and productive life.
 American Psychiatric Association (APA)– https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/adhd/