Adderall Addiction

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Adderall is a prescription medication that contains two drugs (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine). It belongs to a class of medications called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. It is primarily used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (sleep disorder). Adderall is addictive when taken at levels higher than what’s prescribed by a doctor. Adderall addiction can harm a person’s body, imbalance their mind, and destroy important relationships. Without the proper help, the damaging effects of addiction will be left to continue.

It’s important to remember that Adderall has side effects such as nervousness, restlessness, headaches, and more. Adderall withdrawal is also a serious issue, and it is crucial to take this medication under the supervision of a doctor. According to the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) [1], Adderall is a Schedule II controlled substance because it can lead to dependence or abuse. Adderall is addictive mainly because of its stimulant qualities. The medication works by increasing dopamine, a ‘feel-good’ hormone, and norepinephrine levels in the brain. People can get used to these “high” over time and feel dependent and create Adderall Addiction.

Side Effects of Adderall Addiction

Common Side Effects:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Headache
  • Stomach pain
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness

Serious Side Effects:

  • High blood pressure
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Depression
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusional thinking
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Severe allergic reaction
  • Muscle breakdown

Long-term Effects:

  • Severe insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Skin disorders
  • Moodiness or irritability
  • Aggression
  • Hallucinations
  • Heart damage
  • Anorexia
  • Unwanted weight loss

Symptoms of Adderall Addiction

Physical dependence on this drug happens when the person has reached a situation where if they discontinue taking Adderall or reduce the amount they take, they begin to experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Addiction to Adderall starts when the user begins to act in ways that are damaging to them in order to continue its use.

Adderall Addiction
Adderall Addiction: Stimulant drugs like Adderall are addictive and using them recreationally may increase the chances of developing a psychological and physical dependence on them.

An Adderall addiction also refers to a person’s physical and or psychological reliance on this drug, along with a specific set of behaviors. These individuals are usually unable to cope when they stop taking Adderall and will go to any length to obtain more of the medication

The brain of an addicted person is dependent on Adderall to stimulate alertness and productivity. Without Adderall, addicted people often feel tired and mentally foggy. in addition, a person who is abusing this drug may become uncharacteristically talkative or active. In group settings, they may also lose their inhibitions and appear extremely happy.

Stimulant drugs like Adderall are addictive and using them recreationally may increase the chances of developing a psychological and physical dependence on them.

Adderall Addiction Can Occur When Someone Takes:

  • More than their prescribed dose
  • Adderall for longer periods of time than prescribed
  • Adderall more frequently than prescribed

Side Effects of Adderall Addiction

The physical side effects of Adderall can begin shortly after use. Adderall triggers the release of dopamine in the brain. Moreover, prescribed users get a therapeutic benefit from it while recreational users who abuse this stimulant can get experience side effects that are not so beneficial.

The following are some of the effects that may be experienced right after Adderall abuse:

  • The illusion of wellness
  • A desire to work
  • Feeling social
  • Getting insights about the meaning of life
  • A feeling of excitement or being hyperactive
  • Being chatty
  • Thinking about things more than usual
  • A feeling of impatience, worry, nervousness, and anxiety

The following are some of the most severe side effects associated with Adderall abuse:

  • Pounding heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Feeling faint, dizziness, or changes in vision
  • Numbness in the arms or legs
  • Slowed speech
  • Exhaustion, fever, rash, or itching
  • Shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing or breathing, or hoarseness
  • Verbal or muscular tics

Adderall Overdose

Overdose of this drug may occur if a person is using a prescription amphetamine recreationally while also taking other drugs or medications. These drugs can interact with blood pressure medications, antidepressants, cold or allergy medications, and antacids. Some people also experiment by mixing Adderall with alcohol, which can lead to alcohol poisoning, coma, or a life-threatening overdose.

Signs of an Overdose

  • Vomiting
  • Rapid breathing
  • Stomach pain
  • Headaches
  • Hallucinations
  • Heart attack
  • Fever of 106.7 or higher
  • Tremors
  • Death

Adderall Withdrawal Symptoms

In addition to Adderall’s side effects, there are also debilitating symptoms that result from the discontinuation of its use and a resulting withdrawal period:

  • Low energy
  • Inability to focus
  • Dry mouth
  • Tremors
  • Body aches
  • Mood swings
  • Overwhelming anxiety/panic attacks
  • Uncontrollable crying
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Intense cravings
  • Depression

Adderall Addiction Detox and Treatment

A qualified treatment center can monitor a person with Adderall addiction through detox, ensuring withdrawal symptoms are safely managed. Adderall detox often includes a taper-down strategy. This helps gradually expel the drug from the body to reduce uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms such as depression and fatigue.

A doctor should always be involved in an Adderall addiction detox process. Uncomfortable side effects can take hold if a person quits the drug too fast. A doctor can set up a tapering schedule, typically lasting a few weeks or a few months, so a person can get sober safely.

Adderall Detox Steps

  • With the help of a medical professional, set up a slow weaning schedule.
  • Seek emotional support and guidance from a mental health professional during detox.
  • Keep busy to distract from drug cravings.
  • Maintain a healthy eating and sleeping schedule, and take all prescribed medications or supplements.
  • Attend support groups, meetings, counseling sessions, family therapy, and aftercare programs.

Find the Right Primary Behavioral Treatment Plan for You

Inpatient medical detox and residential primary addiction treatment may be available at our affiliated facility at Level Up West Palm Beach Rehab. For some primary behavioral health treatment clients, medical detox and or addiction rehab may be required first.  If you have a co-occurring severe substance abuse diagnosis, please contact us prior to beginning inpatient mental health therapy. Treatment services may vary. Please call us to learn which treatment options are most suited for your individual needs.

Sources

[1] FDA – https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2007/011522s040lbl.pdf