By We Level Up FL Treatment Center | Editor Yamilla Francese | Clinically Reviewed By Lauren Barry, LMFT, MCAP, QS, Director of Quality Assurance | Editorial Policy | Research Policy | Last Updated: April 25, 2023
What is a Depressive Episode?
Major depressive disorder can be highly recurrent, with at least half of the people who experience one episode having one or more additional episodes in their lifetimes. How long does depression episode last depends on lifestyle factors, and whether or not you receive prompt treatment will determine it. It can last for several weeks, months, or years.
To be diagnosed with major depressive disorder, you must experience at least five depression symptoms once a day for at least two weeks. Symptoms include being less interested in most activities you once enjoyed, feeling worthless or guilty (often about things that wouldn’t usually make you feel that way), unusually tired and lacking energy, and more.
DSM 5 Major Depressive Episode Vs. Minor Depressive Episode
To compare the criteria for you to be diagnosed with a major depressive episode vs. a minor depressive episode, the following are the symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) based on DSM 5.  The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-5-TR) DSM-5-TR contains the most up-to-date criteria for diagnosing mental disorders. It features contributions from more than 200 subject matter experts published by the American Psychiatric Association.
Five or more of the following A Criteria for MDD (at least one includes A1 or A2)
- A1 Depressed mood—indicated by subjective report or observation by others.
- A2 Loss of interest or pleasure in almost all activities—indicated by subjective report or observation by others.
- A3 Significant (more than 5% in a month) unintentional weight loss/gain or decrease/increase in appetite (in children, failure to make expected weight gains).
- A4 Sleep disturbance (insomnia or hypersomnia).
- A5 Psychomotor changes (agitation or retardation) are severe enough to be observable by others.
- A6 Tiredness, fatigue, low energy, or decreased efficiency with which routine tasks are completed.
- A7 A sense of worthlessness or excessive, inappropriate, or delusional guilt (not merely self-reproach or guilt about being sick).
- A8 Impaired ability to think, concentrate or make decisions—indicated by subjective report or observation by others.
- A9 Recurrent thoughts of death (not just fear of dying), suicidal ideation, or suicide attempts.
- The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
- The symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., drug abuse, a prescribed medication’s side effects) or a medical condition (e.g., hypothyroidism).
- There has never been a manic episode or hypomanic episode.
- A major depressive episode is not better explained by schizophrenia spectrum or other psychotic disorders.
Factors to Consider
- The symptom must either be new or worsened compared with the person’s pre-episode status and must persist most of the day, daily, for at least two weeks in a row. Exclude symptoms clearly due to a general medical condition, such as mood-incongruent delusions or hallucinations.
- Symptoms must persist most of the day, for at least two weeks, excluding A3 and A9.
- A mixed episode is characterized by the symptoms of a major depressive episode and a manic episode occurring almost daily for at least one week. This exclusion does not include episodes that are substance-induced (e.g., caffeine) or the side effects of medication.
- This diagnosis requires clinical judgment based on cultural norms and the individual’s history.
A person with a minor depressive episode will have a low mood and other symptoms of depression, but the symptoms will be less intense.
A person with a minor depressive episode may experience the following:
- Feelings of sadness.
- A loss of appetite.
- Sleeping problems.
- Reduced energy levels.
- Difficulties concentrating.
Many people with mild depression can manage these distressing symptoms, but they may have a minor effect on their social and work life. However, a person who experiences new or worsening symptoms should seek medical help regardless of how long can a depressive episode last. Although others may not notice symptoms of mild depression in an individual, they can take a toll on the person experiencing them. Mild symptoms can also occur between relapses or as warning signs of more severe depression.
CD 10 Moderate Episode Of Recurrent Major Depressive Disorder
World Health Organization (WHO) authorized the publication of the International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10), implemented for mortality coding and classification from death certificates in the U.S. in 1999. 
According to ICD 10, recurrent major depressive disorder is described as having no history of independent episodes of mood elevation and increased energy (mania). There may, however, be brief episodes of mild mood elevation and overactivity (hypomania) immediately after a depressive episode, sometimes precipitated by antidepressant treatment.
The more severe forms of major depressive disorder recurrent episode moderate ICD 10 have much in common with earlier concepts such as manic-depressive depression, melancholia, vital depression, and endogenous depression. The first episode may occur at any age, from childhood to old age, the onset may be either acute or insidious, and the duration varies from a few weeks to many months. The risk that a patient with recurrent depressive disorder will have an episode of mania never disappears completely. However, many depressive episodes have been experienced. If such an episode does occur, the diagnosis should be changed to bipolar affective disorder, including recurrent brief depressive episodes reported with code for:
- Depressive reaction.
- Psychogenic depression.
- Reactive depression.
- Seasonal depressive disorder.
Bipolar disorder current episode depressed severe with psychotic features ICD-10 characterize BPD by two or more episodes in which the patient’s mood and activity levels are significantly disturbed, this disturbance consisting on some occasions of an elevation of mood and increased energy and activity (hypomania or mania) and others of a lowering of mood and decreased energy and activity (depression). Repeated episodes of hypomania or mania only are classified as bipolar. Bipolar disorder, current episode depressed ICD 10, is a medical classification listed by WHO under the range – Mental, Behavioral, and Neurodevelopmental disorders.
We must understand how mental health professionals diagnose depression to receive proper treatment. As indicated above, some depressive episode symptoms may be due to different mental health disorders, such as BPD depressive episodes.
Depression Single Episode VS Recurrent
If you’ve had at least two depressive episodes, your doctor might say you have a mild episode of recurrent major depressive disorder ICD 10. They may say your current ‘episode’ is ‘mild,’ ‘moderate,’ or ‘severe.’ Single-episode depression means a major depressive episode in an individual who does not have a history of such episodes. It is thought that the effects of treatment in people having single episode major depressive disorder may be different from those in individuals with recurrent depression.
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Major Depressive Disorder Statistics
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, major depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. For some individuals, major depression can result in severe impairments that interfere with or limit one’s ability to carry out major life activities. 
In 2020, an estimated 21.0 million adults in the United States had at least one major depressive episode. This number represented 8.4% of all U.S. adults.
Adults with a depressive disorder or episodes have a 64% greater risk of developing coronary artery disease.
Mental Health (Depression, grief, and behavioral conduct) is the second leading workplace concern, following only family issues.
Source: Employee Assistance Professionals Association Survey, 2017
Recurrent vs Single Episode Depression Facts
Major Depressive Disorder Recurrent Episode Moderate to Severe
Recurrent depressive disorder is a type of clinical depression. Rather than having one episode of depression, whether short or long, a person with recurrent depressive disorder will experience additional episodes of depression after periods without symptoms.
These episodes can be considered mild, moderate, or severe and with or without psychosis, depending on the number of symptoms and how much these symptoms impact an individual’s life.
Symptoms of recurrent depressive disorder are similar to those of any depression, except that the individual will be free from symptoms for weeks or even years before experiencing another episode.
Symptoms include the following:
- Persistent feelings of sadness or emptiness.
- Loss of interest in activities.
- Difficulty concentrating or making decisions.
- Irritability or anger.
- Changes in appetite or weight.
- Fatigue or lack of energy.
- Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt.
- Changes in sleep patterns.
- Anxiety or restlessness.
- Unexplained physical pains or gastrointestinal disturbances.
- Suicidal thoughts or attempts.
Major Depressive Disorder with Single Episode
Some people might have an ICD 10 major depressive disorder single episode, while others experience it throughout their life. Regardless of how long your symptoms last, major depression can cause problems in relationships and daily activities.
Major Depressive Disorder Recurrent VS Major Depressive Disorder Single Episode ICD 10
The course of major depression and recurrent varies across individuals. Some people have isolated depressive episodes separated by many years. In contrast, others experience clusters of major depressive episodes that occur close together in time. Still, other people with depression experience increasingly frequent episodes as they age.
Single-episode depression is defined as a major depressive episode in an individual who does not have a history of such episodes. It is thought that the effects of depression treatment in people having major depressive disorder, single episodes unspecified, may be different from those in individuals with recurrent depression.
Major depressive disorder single episode mild ICD 10 can be temporary or a long-term challenge. Treatment doesn’t always make your depression go away completely. However, treatment often makes symptoms more manageable. Managing symptoms of depression involves finding the right combination of medications and therapies.
If one treatment doesn’t work, talk with your healthcare professional. They can help you create a different treatment plan that may work better in helping you manage your condition.
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Signs That You Are Going Through A Depressive Episode
Recognizing the depressive episode symptoms in yourself or a loved one can help you understand when to seek help. Some key signs include:
- Feeling very sad and hopeless.
- Feelings of being helpless to make things better.
- Suffering from low energy and fatigue even with rest.
- Anxiety, especially anxiety that seems present all of the time.
- Feelings of worthlessness.
- Feelings of guilt, even when you aren’t sure why.
- Changes in sleep patterns.
- Difficulty with concentrating or remembering.
- Irritability or constant frustration.
Two main factors occur during a major depressive episode. First, your mental health is impacted. This type of episode is often brought on by a life event such as trauma. As a result, your thought patterns are likely to change. You may feel you’ve lost interest in the things you like to do. You may have trouble making decisions or focusing on things around you. Some people also develop suicidal thoughts during this time. The second component is a physical change.
Your mental health impacts the hormones that regulate some bodily functions. As a result, you’ll feel different physically too. This may include changes in sleep patterns — either sleeping a lot or not — weight gain or loss, aches and pains commonly attributed to the flu, and moving or talking slowly. If you’re feeling like this, it could mean you’re experiencing a depressive episode. However, that doesn’t mean you have major depression.
Licensed psychologists are highly trained mental health professionals with experience diagnosing and helping patients recover from depression.
How To Get Through A Depressive Episode?
Are you worried and can’t find the answer to “How to get out of depressive episode?” If you’re in the middle of a depression episode, it may seem nearly impossible to know what’s happening. However, there are a few ways to track such attacks so you can take action to get the help you need.
- Start to chart your mood, or use a journal to record your thoughts and feelings. Write down reactions to things that occur daily.
- Use that information to recognize triggers that could influence episodes, such as fighting with a spouse or employer.
- Talk to friends and family while you’re feeling good. Ask them to let you know when you seem down. Have a circle of people you trust to help with this.
- Meet routinely with your doctor. Be sure you are receiving the proper medication and care.
- Meet with a therapist who can offer guidance about what’s happening—having someone to speak to right away can be very empowering.
You may not be able to stop your episode from occurring, but you recognize what’s happening and get the help you need to manage it. That’s crucial. You may also wonder, “how long is a depressive episode?” The duration of a depressive episode varies and is influenced by its severity, treatment, and individual factors. However, the average length of a depressive episode is thought to be six to eight months.
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Major Depressive Disorder Single Episode vs Recurrent Depression
It’s common for people to suffer from depression due to life changes and events. For example, if a loved one dies, you may be upset and withdrawn for a few weeks. You may have a period when you face complex life changes, and these symptoms seem present. If you’ve been diagnosed with depression, you may experience this occasionally. You may also have breaks of time when you feel okay.
Those with a depression diagnosis can suffer from a single depressive disorder episode with the same recurrent depressive episode symptoms. In a person with major depression, depressive episodes occur more chronically. This is a chronic illness, but the time between such attacks may lengthen with treatment. As a result, you may feel better for more extended periods.
Regardless of “how long does a depression episode last,” if you think someone is at immediate risk of self-harm or hurting another person:
- Call 911 or your local emergency number.
- Stay with the person until help arrives.
- Remove any guns, knives, medications, or other things that may cause harm.
- Listen, but don’t judge, argue, threaten, or yell.
Dangers Of Going Through Depressive Episode
During a depressive episode, most people are very vulnerable. They feel worthless and defeated. You may see yourself not caring about school or work. That can impact your future if it happens often. The more profound effects of depressive episodes affect people’s ability to care for themselves. You may be at a higher risk of hurting yourself through self-cutting. Others have suicidal thoughts or make attempts to harm themselves. Because of this, major depressive episodes are considered life-threatening events.
12 Tips On How To Get Yourself Out Of A Depressive Episode
Tackling depression as soon as symptoms develop can help people recover more quickly. Even those who have experienced depression for a long time might find that changing their thoughts and behavior improves their mood.
The following tips may help people deal with a depressive episode:
- Track Triggers and Symptoms
Keeping track of moods and symptoms might help a person understand what triggers a depressive episode. In addition, spotting the signs of depression early on may help them avoid a full-blown depressive episode.
Use a diary to log important events, changes to daily routines, and moods. Rate moods on a scale of 1 to 10 to help identify which events or activities cause specific responses. See a doctor if symptoms persist for 14 days or more.
- Stay Calm
Identifying the onset of a depressive episode can be scary. Feeling panicked or anxious is an understandable reaction to the initial symptoms of depression. However, these reactions may contribute to low mood and worsen other symptoms, such as losing appetite and disrupted sleep. Instead, focus on staying calm. Remember that depression is treatable, and the feelings will not last forever. Anyone who has experienced depressive episodes before should remind themselves that they can overcome these feelings again. They should focus on their strengths and what they have learned from previous depressive episodes.
Self-help techniques, such as meditation, mindfulness, and breathing exercises, can help a person learn to look at problems differently and promote a sense of calmness. In addition, self-help books and phone and online counseling courses are available.
- Understand and Accept Depression
Learning more about depression can help people deal with the condition. Depression is a widespread and genuine mental health disorder. It is not a sign of weakness or a personal shortcoming. Accepting that a depressive episode may occur occasionally might help people deal with it when it does. Remember, it is possible to manage symptoms with treatments, such as lifestyle changes, medication, and therapy.
- Separate Yourself from the Depression
A condition does not define a person; they are not their illness. For example, when depression symptoms begin, some people find it helpful to repeat: “I am not depression, I just have depression.”
A person should remind themselves of all the other aspects of themselves. They may also be a parent, sibling, friends, spouses, neighbors, and colleagues. Each person has strengths, abilities, and positive qualities that make them who they are.
- Recognize the Importance of Self-Care
Self-care is essential for good physical and mental health. Self-care activities are any actions that help people look after their well-being. Self-care means relaxing, recharging, and connecting with the self and others. It also means saying no to others when overwhelmed and accepting space to calm and soothe oneself.
Basic self-care activities include eating healthily, engaging in creative activities, and taking a soothing bath. But any action that enhances mental, emotional, and physical health can be considered a self-care activity.
- Breathe Deeply and Relax the Muscles
Deep breathing techniques are an effective way to calm anxiety and soothe the body’s stress response. In addition, slowly inhaling and exhaling have physical and psychological benefits, especially daily. Anyone can practice deep breathing in the car, at work, or grocery store. Many smartphone apps offer guided deep breathing activities, free to download.
Progressive muscle relaxation is another helpful tool for those experiencing depression and anxiety. It involves tensing and relaxing the muscles in the body to reduce stress. Again, many smartphone apps offer guided progressive muscle relaxation exercises.
- Challenge Negative Thoughts
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective for depression and other mood disorders. CBT proposes that a person’s thoughts affect their mood rather than their life situations. CBT involves changing negative thoughts into more balanced ones to alter feelings and behaviors. A qualified therapist can offer CBT sessions, but it is possible to challenge negative thoughts without seeing a therapist. Firstly, notice how often negative thoughts arise and what these thoughts say. These may include “I am not good enough” or “I am a failure.” Then, challenge those thoughts and replace them with more positive statements, such as “I did my best” and “I am enough.”
- Practice Mindfulness
Take some time every day to be mindful and appreciate the present moment. This may mean noticing the warmth of sunlight on the skin when walking to work or the taste and texture of a crisp, sweet apple at lunchtime. Mindfulness allows people to fully experience their moment, not worrying about the future or dwelling on the past.
- Make a Bedtime Routine
Sleep can have a significant impact on mood and mental health. A lack of sleep can contribute to symptoms of depression, and depression can interfere with sleep.
To combat these effects:
- Try to go to bed and get up simultaneously each day, even at weekends.
- Establish a nightly routine.
- Start winding down from 8 pm.
- Sip chamomile tea, read a book, or take a warm bath.
- Avoid screen time and caffeine.
Writing in a journal before bed may also be helpful, especially for those whose racing thoughts keep them up.
Exercise is highly beneficial for people with depression. It releases chemicals called endorphins that improve mood. An analysis of 25 studies on exercise and depression reports that movement has a “large and significant effect” on symptoms of depression.
- Avoid Alcohol
Alcohol is a depressant, and alcohol use can trigger episodes of depression or worsen existing attacks. Alcohol can also interact with some medications for depression and anxiety.
- Record the Positives
Often, depressive episodes can leave people focusing on the negatives and discounting the positives. To counteract this, keep a positivity journal or gratitude journal. This type of journal helps to build self-esteem. For example, write down three good things from the day before bed. Positives include regular meditation, walking, healthy eating, and much more.
Dealing with depression can be daunting, but no one has to do it alone. One of the most critical steps in dealing with a depressive episode is asking for help.
Seek help from:
- Family and friends. People experiencing depression should consider telling family and friends how they feel and asking for support where they need it.
- A doctor. Speaking to a doctor who can diagnose and recommend treatments is essential. Research suggests that tailoring early treatment to the individual offers the best possible outcomes.
- A therapist. Talking to a counselor or psychotherapist can be beneficial. Talk therapy can help address low moods and negative thoughts. A therapist can also teach coping skills to help people deal with future depressive episodes.
- Support groups. Look for a local support group for people with depression. It can be beneficial to talk to others experiencing the same thing.
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How To Get Out Of Depression Episode?
How do you get out of a depressive episode? Treatment is always customized based on your mental health needs at that time. If you’re facing an emergency, such as having thoughts of hurting yourself, call 911 right away. Do not wait for anyone else to be available. Your doctor will be able to help you as an initial step.
If you’ve never been diagnosed with depression, this generally includes an exam, lab tests, and a psychiatric evaluation. During this exam, your doctors and therapists determine if you have the symptoms for the classification of depression or a major depressive episode. They also decide which type of depression you have. You may have a major depressive disorder single episode moderate ICD 10, or a severe MDD.
Treatment for a major depressive disorder moderate single episode ICD 10 depends on what’s occurring. You may need to begin taking antidepressant medications. These medications can help balance hormones and chemicals in the brain to ensure fewer episodes. Getting the proper treatment can take some time.
Most people also benefit from psychotherapy. This includes talking to a therapist about what’s happening and developing strategies for dealing with triggers. A key goal is to identify the negative beliefs and work through your feelings. You’ll also learn how to set realistic goals, develop a higher tolerance for distress, and work to improve relationships. Some people also benefit from holistic therapy as a complement to psychotherapy. This may include nutrition counseling and yoga, for example.
Self-care is also important. This involves:
- Scheduling routine sessions with your therapist
- Reaching out immediately when you need support
- Practicing good physical health habits
- Spending more time outside where nature can help boost your mood
- Engaging in support groups
How To Help Someone Going Through A Depressive Episode?
It can be tough to know what to do, how to act, and what to say when someone you care about is suffering from severe depressive illness. Nothing seems to be working at times. However, there are techniques to help someone suffering from severe depression. You can give your loved one the support they need as they navigate the challenges of illness and recovery by learning how to listen, talk, act, suggest, participate, and ask essential questions in meaningful ways.
- One of the most important things you can do to encourage social contact is to make yourself a safe space where your loved one can freely express themselves and talk through their feelings without judgment.
Finding ways to support someone with major depression is just as much about knowing what to say as knowing what not to say. Instead of trying to convince your loved one that their feelings are unjustified or easily changed, try saying:
- How are you feeling?
- You are important to me, and I care about you.
- I’m here for you, even if I don’t completely understand what you are going through.
- I’m sorry you feel X, Y, Z. That must be very painful.
- Your feelings are not crazy or wrong.
- You have nothing to be ashamed of.
- You are not alone.
Statements like these, even when they come from a place of well-meaning, can be profoundly damaging:
- There’s always someone worse off.
- Stop feeling sorry for yourself.
- Stop acting crazy.
- You have nothing to be upset about.
- You have to think positively.
- Count your blessings.
- Everything happens for a reason.
- If you are worried for your loved one’s safety, you must take action. If you think they are in danger of self-harm, call their doctor, therapist, suicide helpline, or 911. Remember that it is always better to overreact than underreact in these situations.
- If your loved one is not yet in treatment, suggest they start. This can be a delicate topic, as you don’t want to make them feel embarrassed or criticized. Start the conversation by reiterating that you love them and see them struggle. Assure them that it is not their fault and that they deserve happiness and health.
- We often think of mental health treatment as something that happens solely between mental health professionals and the person with the mental illness. However, friends and family can be essential in the treatment process.
- One of the most critical things you can do is to ask your loved one what they need. What type of support do they need at this moment? What kind of support do they need in general? What will nourish them today, tomorrow, and next week? Remember that their needs may change over time, depending on environmental stressors, the course of their illness, and treatment effects. You can ensure they know they are not alone by staying present, responsive, and compassionate.
We Level Up FL offers comprehensive treatment for people struggling with a depressive episode and other mental health disorders. Contact us to learn more about our renowned Florida programs and how we can help you or your loved one start on the path to lasting wellness.
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Popular Depressive Episode FAQs
How to get out of a depressive episode?
If you are wondering, “what is episodic depression?”, “what is a sudden depressive episode?”, or “what regular routine depressive episodes?”, the answer is Depression can be a chronic condition, but it’s manageable. Getting out of a depressive episode may require you to seek professional help. A therapist could suggest several treatment options, such as talk therapy, medication, or both.
How long does a major depressive episode last?
If you’re living with depression, you might wonder how long does a depressive episode last and if it will go away alone. In comparing the length of untreated depressive episodes, every person’s experience with the condition differs. There is no average depressive episode length for depression symptoms.
How long are depressive episodes?
If you are wondering, “how long are depression episodes?”, the answer is from a clinical perspective, mixed episode depression symptoms must be present for at least two weeks for a mental health professional to reach a diagnosis.
How long does depression episode last?
Are you wondering, “how long do depressive episodes last?” Sometimes, depression symptoms will last for only a few weeks. For many people, untreated depression could last months and even years.
What to do during a depressive episode?
Self-care is essential when dealing with mixed depressive episodes, but it isn’t always enough to solve your problems. See your doctor and mention that your depression seems to be getting worse. If you’re taking antidepressants, you may need a higher dose or a different drug. Adding medication temporarily can also bring relief.
How to pull yourself out of a depressive episode?
Seeking the support of a professional can make a big difference in how long your depression lasts and preventing future episodes. Looking for “which of the following is true of major depressive episode treatment?” As you search online for tips, you may encounter different tips, but for the best outcome, you must contact a mental health professional who can offer you personalized treatment.
What is a manic depressive episode?
If you are wondering, “what is a bipolar depressive episode?”, “what is a depressive episode bipolar?”, “what does single episode major depressive disorder mean?”, “what are depressive episodes?”, “what are manic depression episodes?”, or “what is a manic depression episode?”, the answer is bipolar disorder is a mental condition that produces extraordinary changes in a person’s mood, energy, activity level, and focus. It was originally known as manic-depressive sickness or manic depression. Daily duties may be difficult to do during these transitions.
What are the symptoms of a depressive episode?
If you are wondering, “what are the signs of a depressive episode?”, “what is a major depressive episode?”, “what are major depressive episode symptoms?”, or “what are the depression episode symptoms?”, the answer is sadness, tears, emptiness, or a sense of helplessness. irrational behavior, impatience, or frustration, especially over trivial issues. loss of enjoyment or interest in the majority or all of the typical activities, such as hobbies, sports, or sex. sleep disorders, such as excessive or insufficient sleep.
How to stop a depressive episode?
If you are wondering, “how to stop a depressed episode?”, the answer is healthy eating, being creative, and having a relaxing bath are all examples of basic self-care. However, any activity that improves one’s physical, mental, or emotional well-being can be categorized as self-care.
What does a depressive episode feel like?
A person will typically have a low or sad mood, lose interest in most activities, and experience other symptoms of depression such exhaustion, appetite changes, feelings of worthlessness, and repeated thoughts of death during a depressive episode.
Therapist Tips to Cope & Combat Depressive Episodes. Depression Symptoms & Signs Recovery Strategies Video
“So, if we isolate, if we’re not showering, if we’re not eating, returning phone calls, and we’re in recovery, we might be going into a depressive state.
There are some things that I would highly suggest that we do to be proactive before noticing those behaviors. One of them is getting up and showering every day, reaching out to people in the community for some sober support, and looking for some resources.
Also, listening to music, some upbeat music and things that encourage us.
Some motivational meetings and posting some inspirational sayings, those are things that I would recommend to be a little bit proactive so we don’t go into any type of deep depression.”
Search Depressive Episode Topics & Resources
 Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. DSM-5 Changes: Implications for Child Serious Emotional Disturbance [Internet]. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 2016 Jun. Table 9, DSM-IV to DSM-5 Major Depressive Episode/Disorder Comparison. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK519712/table/ch3.t5/
 International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10-CM/PCS) Transition – Background – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 Major Depression – National Institute of Mental health (NIMH)
 Otte C, Gold SM, Penninx BW, Pariante CM, Etkin A, Fava M, Mohr DC, Schatzberg AF. Major depressive disorder. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2016 Sep 15;2:16065. DOI: 10.1038/nrdp.2016.65. PMID: 27629598.
 Jain A, Mitra P. Bipolar Affective Disorder. [Updated 2022 Aug 11]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK558998/
 VA Research on Depression – https://www.research.va.gov/topics/depression.cfm
 Living Well with Major Depressive Disorder – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
 Depression Screening – https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/depression/index.asp
 American Psychiatric Association. (2022). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed., text rev.)